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2010/1 Module Catalogue
Module Provider: School of Law Short Name: LAWM070
Level: M Module Co-ordinator: CARR I Prof (Schl of Law)
Number of credits: 30 Number of ECTS credits: 15
Module Availability

1st Semester


Assessment Pattern

Unit(s) of Assessment


Weighting towards Module Mark (%)










Module Overview

This module examines the relationships that arise in situations where goods are carried by sea from one country to another.  In particular, it examines voyage charterparties (contract whereby ships are hired by the charterer to perform specific sea voyages), bills of lading (documents of title, the transfer of which gives the transferee the rights over the goods that the document represents and against the carrier of those goods) and sea waybills (documents that evidence the receipt of the goods by the carrier and the terms if the contract of carriage).  The module also looks at electronic alternatives to bills of lading and sea waybills.



International Trade Law


Module Aims

This module aims to provide students with an advanced understanding of the various legal issues affecting international carriage of goods by sea.  By satisfying the module learning outcomes, students will have demonstrated a thorough understanding of all aspects of international carriage of goods by sea.


Learning Outcomes

Knowledge and Understanding


At the end of this module, students should be able to:


·             Discuss and analyse the various international conventions applicable to transport documents involving carriage by sea


·             Demonstrate a good understanding of the difficult legal issues that arise in transport contracts including that of combined transport and how these are resolved using international conventions


·             Discuss the legal characteristics of transport contracts like charterparties, bills of lading and waybills


·             Analyse critically the specific issues surrounding electronic bills of lading and sea waybills and evaluate how international organisations have addressed these issues through provisions in model laws and voluntary rules and in the new transport convention – the Rotterdam Rules.





At the end of the module, students should have furthered their command of the following skills so that they have the ability to:


·             Carry out research on a legal topic and use a variety of electronic and paper sources


·             Evaluate the methodological and ideological credence of those sources


·             Critically evaluate law and policy


·             Appraise the impact of new law


·             Construct a principled argument and to critically evaluate the arguments of other


·             Develop independence in thought and argument and the confidence to question their own views


·             Design proposals for new policy and law and to assess the practical impact of such proposals


Module Content

·             Types of Transport Charters


·             Voyage Charterparties


·             Bills of Lading (including electronic bills of lading)


·             The Hague and the Hague Visby Rules


·             The Hamburg Rules


·             The Rotterdam Rules


Methods of Teaching/Learning

8 x 3-hour seminars.  The seminars will be interactive and students will be expected to come prepared for the seminar and engage actively in discussions


Selected Texts/Journals

Essential reading


Wilson, J. F. Carriage of Goods by Sea (6th Edition, Pearson Longman, 2008)


Carr, I. International Trade Law (4th Edition, Routledge Cavendish, 2009)



Background reading


Boyd, S. C. Scrutton on Charterparties and Bills of Lading (20th (revised) Edition, Sweet & Maxwell, 1996)


Debattista, C. Bills of Lading in Export Trade (Tottel Publishing, 2008)


Gaskell, N. Bills of Lading: Law and Contracts (Maritime and Transport Law Library, LLP, 2000)


Tetley, W. Marine Cargo Claims (4th Edition, Éditions Yvon Blais, Thompson Reuters, 2008)


Treitel, G. & Reynolds, F. M. B. Carver on Bills of Lading (2nd Edition, Thompson Sweet & Maxwell, 2005)





Journal of Business Law


Journal of International Maritime Law


Lloyd’s Maritime and Commercial Law Quarterly


Tulane Maritime Law Journal


Journal of Maritime Law and Commerce


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