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2010/1 Module Catalogue
 Module Code: ENGM006 Module Title: WIND ENGINEERING
Module Provider: Civil, Chemical & Enviromental Eng Short Name: SE1M03
Level: M Module Co-ordinator: ROBINS AG Prof (M, M & A Eng)
Number of credits: 15 Number of ECTS credits: 7.5
Module Availability
Spring Semester
Assessment Pattern

Unit(s) of Assessment


Weighting Towards Module Mark (%)


3 hour examination






(i) Project report covering air quality from an industrial source,


(ii) Project report covering quasi-static wind loading design of a structure according to BS EN 1991-1-4.




Qualifying Condition(s)


An overall mark of 50% is required to pass the module.


Module Overview

The module provides a detailed grounding in the basics of Wind Engineering, concentrating on the three key aspects:


·         meteorology and the atmospheric boundary layer


·         wind loading theory and practice (BS EN 1991-1-4)


·         pollution dispersion theory and practice (ADMS)


Stu dents are assessed by two pieces of coursework (each with a 20% weighting) and a three hour exam (60% weighting).

Modules EMG1049 and ENG2009

Module Aims

To provide:


  • a general understanding of the physics of atmospheric flow.


  • a background to the general wind effects associated with buildings and terrain, including basic flow patterns and pedestrian comfort.


  • a broad understanding of the design methods available for predicting steady and unsteady wind loads acting on a variety of buildings and structures.
  • a broad understanding of the physics of dispersion in the atmosphere and awareness of the methods available for its prediction.
Learning Outcomes

The objectives are that, by the end of the module, students will be able to:


  • Understand, analyse and use meteorological and related data describing wind and turbulence conditions in the atmosphere near the ground.


  • Carry out wind loading design of basic shapes of buildings and structures according to the current Codes of Practice (in particular BS EN1991-1-4) and related design guides.


  • Recognise structural arrangements or layouts of building groups which may present problems due to wind effects and how these may be rectified.


  • Understand the influence of buildings and structures on local wind environments.


  • Appreciate the advantages and limitations of wind tunnel testing for obtaining wind loads on complex structures and concentration level downwind of sources.
  • To understand the main issues affecting the dispersion of emissions from a wide variety of source types, conduct analyses of ground level concentrations and appreciate the level of specialist modelling required in practice (i.e. ADMS and related models).
Module Content
  • Basic meteorology – the development and structure of the atmospheric boundary layer.


  • Description of flow patterns around basic structural shapes and terrain features


  • Quasi-static design of wind loading on buildings, structures and component elements (using BS EN1991-1-4)


  • Dynamic excitation and response of slender structures to wind loading


  • Environmental effects of flow around buildings


  • Wind tunnel testing and flow measurement instrumentation


  • Dispersion in and above the atmospheric boundary layer
  • Dispersion models, their strengths and weaknesses
Methods of Teaching/Learning

20 hours of lectures, 10 hours of tutorial classes and 120 hours independent learning.


Total student learning time 150 hours.

Selected Texts/Journals

The module is supported by printed lecture notes and a web-site. 


Further reading includes:


Cook NJ , The Designers Guide to Wind Loading of Building Structures, Part 1: Background, damage survey, wind data and structural classification, Butterworths, 1990.  (ISBN 04080 08709)


Cook NJ , The Designers Guide to Wind Loading of Building Structures, Part 2: Static Structures, Butterworths, 1990.  (ISBN 04080 08717)


BS EN 1991-1-4, Eurocode 1: Actions on structures, Part 1-4: General actions - Wind


Actions, 2005. (ISBN 0 580 45959 4)


Dyrbye C and Hanson O, Wind Loads on Structures, Wiley, 1996.  (ISBN 04719 56511)


Simiu E and Scanlan RH, Wind Effects on Structures: An Introduction to Wind Engineering,  3rd ed, Wiley, 1996.  (ISBN 04711 21576)


Pasquill F and Smith FB, Atmospheric Diffusion, 3rd ed, Ellis Horwood, 1983.  (ISBN 08531 24264)


Arya AP, Air Pollution Meteorology and Dispersion, Oxford University Press, 1999.  (ISBN  01950 73983)
Stu ll RB, An introduction to Boundary Layer Meteorology, Kluwer Academic, 1988.  (ISBN 90277 27686)

Last Updated

05 February 2009