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2010/1 Module Catalogue
Module Provider: Civil, Chemical & Enviromental Eng Short Name: ENG3130
Level: HE3 Module Co-ordinator: HOLMES P Dr (C, C & E Eng)
Number of credits: 10 Number of ECTS credits: 5
Module Availability

Spring Semester

Assessment Pattern

Unit(s) of Assessment



Weighting Towards Module Mark (%)


Coursework – Report on capital cost estimation of a chemical process.






Coursework – Report on operating cost estimation and profitability analysis of a chemical process.                      






Coursework – Report on the sustainability of a process design (80 %), oral presentation and discussion (20 %).






Qualifying Condition(s) 



A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module.





Module Overview
This is one of the suite of modules which exposes students to the complete chemical process design experience.
Completion of the progress requirements of Level HE2 and Module ENG3109 or equivalent.
Module Aims

This module aims to:


·         Review the commoner measures of economic viability and discuss some of the methods of estimating capital and operating costs;

·         Allow MEng students to apply the above in the context of their Design of a Chemical/Biological Process; 

·         Make MEng students incorporate sustainability into design development and critically review their Design of a Chemical/Biological Process against appropriate sustainability criteria.







Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of the module, you will be able to:


·         Estimate the installed capital requirement of a chemical process from a flow-sheet and equipment list by:


-  Evaluating the historic delivered capital cost of each item of equipment and inflating this using an appropriate engineering index;


-  Applying the appropriate Lang factors to the total delivered equipment costs;


-  Suggesting an appropriate capital spend profile.


·         Perform an economic evaluation of a chemical process by:


- Estimating the revenue and fixed and variable operating costs to determine the operating profit;


- Analysing the profitability using both capital and operating costs, the capital spend profile and accounting for both depreciation and taxation.


·         Identify the need to continually revise the financial viability of a project throughout the design and construction of the process.


·         Be aware of how sustainability thinking can influence design development


·         Critically review a process design against sustainability criteria and propose and implement the necessary design modifications.





Module Content

Process Economics


Nature of projects, factors for success, project development


Capital Cost estimation and Lang Factors


Time value of money and profitability measures


Recurrent and operating costs


Criteria for comparative profitability


Discounting, DCF and NPV evaluation


Project profitability profiles


Sustainable Design


Revision of sustainability concepts and exploration of the implications for process design development


Approaches for assessing the sustainability of processes including the IChemE Sustainability Metrics


Application of selected sustainability metrics to process design and development of design alternatives


GHG emissions and the impact of the cost of carbon (from the EU Emissions Trading Scheme)


Implementation and evaluation of design changes


Methods of Teaching/Learning

20 hrs lectures, 22 hrs tutorials, 6 hrs presentations and 52 hrs of independent learning

 Total student learning time 100 hrs.

Selected Texts/Journals

Essential Purchase


Coulson JM, Richardson JF & Sinnott RK, Chemical Engineering, 6, 2nd ed (revised), Butterworth-Heinemann, 1996.  (ISBN 07506 25570)


Gerrard M, Capital Cost Estimation, Institution of Chemical Engineers, 2000.  (ISBN 08529 53992)


Essential consultation


Allen, DT, Bakshani, N. and Sinclair Rosselot, K. Pollution Prevention : Homework & Design Problems for Engineering Curricula,  American Institute of Chemical Engineers, Center for Waste Reduction Technologies, 1992. (ISBN 0816905819)


Allen, DT, Shonnard, DR.  Green Engineering: Environmentally Conscious Design of Chemical Processes, Prentice Hall PTR, 2002. (ISBN 0130619086)


Azapagic, A., Perdan, S., Clift, R. Sustainable Development in Practice: Case Studies for Engineers and Scientists. Wiley, 2004 (ISBN 0470856092)


Holland FA, Watson FA & Wilkinson JK, Introduction to Process Economics, Wiley, 1974.  (ISBN 04714 06139)


Kharbanda OP & Stallworthy EA, Capital Cost Estimation for the Process Industries, Butterworth, 1988.  (ISBN 04080 2660X)


Ulrich GD, A Guide to Chemical Engineering Process Design and Economics, Wiley, 1984.  (ISBN 04710 82767)


IChemE Sustainability Metrics – downloadable from  IChemE website at


DEFRA and DECC websites for information on CO2 emissions and climate change


Last Updated

6 October 2010