Further treatment of Laws of Thermodynamics, principally the second law, and its corollaries. Irreversibility. Perfect gases and perfect gas processes.
Reciprocating Engine Cycles:
Analysis of air standard cycles for reciprocating engines: Otto, Diesel, dual. Cycle efficiency.
Gas Turbine Cycles:
Cycles of steady flow processes - gas turbine cycle, jet engine. Thermal efficiency, net specific work output and work ratio.
Mixtures of gases, and of gases (and vapours):
Gibbs-Dalton Law, volumetric and gravimetric analysis, mean properties.
Gases in equilibrium with a condensed phase, application of the First Law.
The psychrometric chart, applications to cooling towers and air conditioning systems.
Liquid and gaseous fuels, principally hydrocarbons.
Chemical equations, stoichiometry, analysis of products.
The First Law applied to chemical reactions, (closed and) steady flow systems. Enthalpy of reaction.