Introduction to Chemical Thermodynamics. Symbols and units.
The First Law, Internal energy and Enthalpy.
Thermochemistry, calorimetry, enthalpy of reaction, Hess’s law, Kirchhoff equations
Flame temperature calculation, application of bond energies.
The Second Law of Thermodynamics – concept of entropy
Helmholtz and Gibbs free energies.
Equilibrium for single component phase change Clapeyron, and Clausius-Clapeyron equations
Colligative properties – equilibrium prediction
Chemical Potential and partial molar properties
Ideal versus non-ideal system behaviour
Non-ideal gas behaviour, equations of state.
Concept of fugacity – determination and calculation
Chemical reaction equilibrium, degree of advancement
Equilibrium constant determination, calculating reaction conversion
Vapour-Liquid equilibrium. Raoult’s law, activity coefficients
Excess Gibbs Free energy, models for predicting VLE