Module Code: ENG1052 
Module Title: INTRODUCTION TO STRUCTURAL DESIGN 

Module Provider: Civil, Chemical & Enviromental Eng

Short Name: SE1130

Level: HE1

Module Coordinator: HOWARD CM Mr (C, C & E Eng)

Number of credits: 10

Number of ECTS credits: 5




Module Availability 
Autumn & Spring 


Assessment Pattern 
Assessment Pattern

Unit(s) of Assessment

Weighting Towards Module Mark (%)

Portfolio of drawings (assessment of learning outcomes: a, b, c, d, e)
Tests in drawing and CAD (assessment of learning outcomes: a, b, c, d, e)
Coursework in Structural Design (assessment of learning outcomes: f, g, h. i. j. k)

20
20
15

2 hour Examination (assessment of learning outcomes: f, g, h. i. j. k)

45

Qualifying Condition(s)
A weighted aggregate mark of 40% is required to pass the module.




Module Overview 
This is a level one module giving students a thorough grounding in Engineering Drawing including 2D drawing, 3D sketching and 3D geometric modelling using both pen and paper and computer systems followed by a first course in structural design with an emphasis on structural behaviour and the philosophy of design applied to simple design exercises. 


Prerequisites/Corequisites 



Module Aims 
Drawing:
To introduce students to simple principles in engineering drawing and general drawing and design communication. To outline requirements for drawings related to their use.
CAD:
To introduce students to 3D sketching with Sketchup and 2D drawing and 3D geometric modelling using AutoCAD or Microstation.
Design:
To introduce students to the basic principles of structural design and methods of design, in particular the limit states approach.
To link knowledge of structural form, loading, structural analysis and materials behaviour to design.
To enable students to apply (simplified) design procedures to structural elements in Steel. 


Learning Outcomes 
The objectives are that, by the end of the module, students should be able to:
Drawing:
Present annotated and dimensioned drawings using orthogonal projection to describe a building structure.
Set up and present isometric, oblique and perspective views of objects, in the latter case built up to give a pictorial view.
Present annotated sketches for use as a communication tool.
CAD:
Sketch a simple 3D building using Sketchup.
Produce dimensioned 2D drawing in AutoCAD or Microstation.
Produce 3D geometric models in AutoCAD or Microstation.
Design:
Understand the basis of structural design and the principles of the limit state approach.
Evaluate critical load cases and the associated bending moments, shear forces, reactions etc. for practical loading conditions.
Use partial safety factors in determining design loads and design stresses.
Design the following:
· tension and compression members in steel,
· laterally stable steel beams in bending shear and deflection,
Appreciate the importance of connectors and their effect on design solutions.
Evaluate alternative solutions to a simple design problem and appraise their effectiveness. 


Module Content 
Drawing: Orthographic, oblique and isometric projections. Elements of design, detailing and dimensioning. Intersections. Single and two point perspective. Sketching.
CAD:
Computer based 3D sketching with Sketchup,
2D drawing and 3D geometric modelling using AutoCAD or Microstation.
Design:
The design process.
Structural form and the general behaviour of structures.
Loads and distribution of loading in structures.
Structural design methods, principally the limit state approach.
Design of simple bending, tension and compression elements in steel,
Introduction to connectors. 


Methods of Teaching/Learning 
Drawing: Formal teaching and tutorial classes. Coursework undertaken during self study. Small group tutorials to appraise coursework. Sketching workshop. Drawing office: 22 hours, selfstudy: 3 hour.
CAD: Students work through a set of selfpaced lab exercises leading to a formal examination carried out on the computer. Labs: 12 hours, independent learning: 13 hours.
Design: 20 hours lectures, 10 hours tutorial classes and 20 hours independent learning. Total student learning time 50 hours. 


Selected Texts/Journals 
Drawing:
Course notes, which include references to general technical drawing texts suitable for students unfamiliar with drawing work.
Textbooks specifically related to the preparation of civil engineering drawings such as:
Thomas, MV (1982) “A Guide to the Preparation of Civil Engineering Drawings” Macmillan, ISBN 0 333 326997.
Jude DV (1983) “Civil Engineering Drawing” 2^{nd} ed., Granada ISBN 0 246 22752 4.
ElSheikh, A (1995) “An Introduction to Drawing for Civil Engineers” McGraw Hill, ISBN 0 07 709050 0.
CAD:
The lab sheets can be used as a simple user manual.
Yarwood A, “Introduction to AutoCAD 2007 2D and 3D Design” Newnes 2007, ISBN 0 7506 8154 3
Design:
Required reading: Course notes and worked examples.
Recommended background reading:
Gordon JE, Structures or Why Things Don’t Fall Down, Penguin, 1991. (ISBN 01401 36282)
Salvadori M, Why buildings stand up – the Strength of Architecture, W W Norton & co., New York/London 2002. (ISDN 03933 06763)
Salvadori M and Levy M, Why Buildings Fall Down, W W Norton & Co., New York/London, 1992. (ISBN 03930 33562)
Dowling PJ, Knowles PR and Owens GW (eds), Structural Steel Design, Butterworths, London, 1988. (ISBN 04080 37172)
Arya C., Design of Structural Elements, 2^{nd} ed, Spon Press, 2003. (ISBN 04152 68443)
Seward D, Understanding Structures – Analysis, Materials, Design, 3^{rd} ed, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. (ISBN 03339 73860) 


Last Updated 
30/9/10 


