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2010/1 Module Catalogue
 Module Code: ENG1049 Module Title: FLUID MECHANICS 1
Module Provider: Civil, Chemical & Enviromental Eng Short Name: SE1127
Level: HE1 Module Co-ordinator: HUGHES SJ Dr (C, C & E Eng)
Number of credits: 10 Number of ECTS credits: 5
Module Availability

Year long

Assessment Pattern

Unit(s) of Assessment


Weighting Towards Module Mark (%)


Unseen examination (Semester 1 and Semester 2)




Pipe and wind engineering assessments (Semester 2)






Qualifying Condition(s)


An overall mark of 40% is required to pass the module.


Module Overview

Material in fluid mechanics common to Civil, MMA and Chemical Engineering is delivered in the 1st Semester.


The basic concepts underlying fluid flows and behaviour are described together with simple fluid properties. The calculation of static fluid forces is the starting point before moving to dynamic fluid effects including mass-flow and energy continuity.



The Civil Engineering specific material is delivered in the 2nd semester. 


Pipe flow and the associated energy losses in pipe fixtures and fittings are studied in this semester. The laws governing pipe flow are explained and then applied to basic pipe flow applications. The work is extended to cover more advanced pipe networks and reservoir problems.



Knowledge of wind engineering is essential for estimating its effect on stationary (buildings and structures) and moving (road vehicles, rail and pedestrian comfort) objects. This part of the module introduces the basic concept of wind engineering. It enables students to understand wind characteristics, loading codes, flow and turbulence in an external environment and apply this knowledge to determine wind loads on real objects.


Programme admission to the 1st year of the degree programme

Module Aims

To provide students with


·         a knowledge of basic fluid properties


·         an understanding of principals of fluid statics and simple fluid dynamics


·         a knowledge of basic assumptions underlying massflow and energy balances


·         a comprehensive understanding of the flow mechanisms associated with pipe flows


·         a knowledge of the theory and equations applicable to steady flow through pipes


·         a knowledge of pipe networks and the methods used to determine the flow through the network


·         an introduction to wind engineering and atmospheric turbulence


·         a knowledge of the meteorology, the atmospheric boundary layer


·         wind characteristics and flow around buildings and structures


·         flow mechanisms, basic wind effects on structures, forces and moments


  • wind loading (BS BS6399 Part 2).
Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of the module, you will  be able to:


·         understand the fundamental concepts of both hydrostatics and simple fluid dynamics


·         calculate hydrostatic pressure forces on submerged surfaces


·         calculate effects of laminar viscosity


·         understand the fundamental concepts of pipe flow


·         demonstrate confidence and competence in performing basic calculations to determine flow and energy losses in pipes


·         apply numerical technqiues to solve pipe network problems


·         understand the basic concepts of wind engineering


·         understand the changes in wind flow and turbulence due to an adjacent boundary layer and meterology


  • determine the overall loads on a building or a structure subjected to wind flow.

Module Content
Semester 1 - Fluid Mechanics 
Fluid properties
Hydrostatics (forces on surfaces, submerged bodies, valves, gates etc)
Buoyancy (stability of submerged and floating bodies; bubbles and particles)
Fluid kinematics (streamlines and continuity)
Fluid dynamics (Bernoulli’s equation, flow through orifices, venturi meter, weirs and notches)
Semester 2 - Pipe Flow
Introduction to pipe flow, Reynold's number and Darcy's Equation
Friction and Energy losses in pipes
Basic and advanced pipe flow networks and reservoir problems.

Semester 2 - Wind Engineering
Introduction to Wind Engineering
(wind categories, loads, effects and codes)
Wind pattern near the ground (atmospheric boundary layer and local winds)
Wind loading and flow patterns around buildings and structures
Wind load estimation using codes.
Methods of Teaching/Learning

1st Semester:


10 hours lectures


10 hours examples classes


29 hours independent learning and exam preparation


1 hour written exam Autumn



2nd Semester: 


14 hours lectures


  9 hours examples classes


 4  hours of work on marked exercise


22 hours independent learning and exam preparation


1 hour written exam Spring 

Total student learning time 100 hours.
Selected Texts/Journals

Essential Purchase



Recommended reading



Fluid Mechanics and Pipe Flow


Cengel & Cimbala, Fluid Mechanics – Fundamentals and Applications, McGraw-Hill, 2006.


Douglas J, Gasiorek JM and Swaffield JA, Fluid Mechanics, 5th ed, Prentice Hall, 2005.  (ISBN 0-13-129293-5)


Munson B, Young DF and Okiishi TH, Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics, 4th ed, Wiley, 2001. (ISBN 04714 4250X)


Massey, B,  Mechanics of Fluids, 8th ed, Taylor & Francis, 2006. (ISBN 0-415-36206)



Wind Engineering


Cook, N.J., 1985. Designers guide to wind loading of buildings and structures, Part 1 and Part 2. Butterworths, London .           ISBN: 0 408 00870 9; 0 408 00871 7


Simiu, E., Scanlan, R., 1996. Wind effects on structures, 3rd Edition. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 04711215



Last Updated

08 October 2009