**Devices: 10 Hours (Prof. R. Silva)
**

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[1-4] Formation of energy bands and review of carriers in semiconductors: distribution function, , density of states, carrier distributions, intrinsic/extrinsic semiconductors, doping, n-type and p-type carriers.

[5] Semiconductor theory: band and E-k diagrams and the concept of direct and indirect band gaps, effective mass.

[6-7] The Fermi level. Maxwell-Boltzman and Fermi-Dirac distributions. Calculations of charge density.

[8] Introduction to charge carrier dynamics

[9] Introduction to Transistors

[10] Device scaling &
Moore
’s Law. Introduction to scaling.

**Electromagnetic Theory: 10 Hours (Prof. R. Silva)
**

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[1] Principle of superposition, grad V,
del
operator, free charges, conductors, electric flux density D, Gauss's law

[2] Point form of Gauss's law,
Laplace
’s equation

[3] Capacitance, dielectrics, polarisation, permittivity, loss mechanisms

[4-5] Magnetic field and flux density B, permeability, ferromagnetics

[6] B-H loop, loss mechanisms, magnetic circuits

[7] Ampere's circuital law, H inside and outside a conductor, point form and curl H

[8] Boundary conditions for magnetic fields

[9-10] Maxwell equations

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**Analogue Electronics: 10 Hours (Dr. C. Saaj)
**

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**
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[1] Transistor Amplifiers and classes of amplifiers (recap)

[2-3] Power supplies: Transformers, diodes and regulators.

[4-5] Power electronic devices: transistors, thyristors, triacs.

[6-7] Switched mode power supplies.

[8-9] Oscillators

[10] Problem Based Learning

**Machines and Power: 10 Hours (Dr. C. Saaj)
**

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**
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[1] Energy Conversion, Loss & Rating: Units, Work, Power and Energy, Elementary thermodynamics, Losses and Efficiency of electrical machines.

[2-3] Magnetism and Electromagnetism: Induced EMF, Magnetic flux, Electromagnetic induction and Energy in an inductor and capacitor, Problem Based Learning.

[4] AC Fundamentals: Generation of AC voltage and currents, EMF equation, Phase, RMS value, Series AC circuit, Introduction to three phase systems.

[5] Generators: Fundamentals of DC generator, Types of generators, Hysteresis and Eddy current loss, Difference between DC and AC generator.

[6-7] DC Motor: Motor principle, Comparison of generator and motor action, Voltage equation of a motor, Torque production, Problem Based Learning.

[8] Universal Motor: AC series motor, Operation of universal motor, Speed/Load characteristics, Applications and speed control.

[9] Induction Motor: General principle, Construction and advantages, rotating magnetic field, Slip, Frequency of rotor current, Starting Torque.

[10] Power Generation: Conventional power generation and Renewable energy sources, wind, wave, solar.