**Circuit Analysis 10 Hours
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[1-4] Complex frequency analysis: Poles & zeros, natural response, forced & complete response, transfer functions.
Laplace
transforms.

[5-6] Frequency response: Filter circuits, filter response from poles & zeros, Bode plots.

[7-9] Two-port networks: Y, Z & hybrid parameters and their transformations, π-T & T-π transformations, insertion loss, loading.

[10] Network analysis:
Loop
& mesh analysis, topology, matrix methods.

**Control Systems 10 Hours****
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[1-2] Introduction: Control principles,
Laplace
transform, Poles & stability.

[3-4] System modelling & analysis: Time & complex frequency domain modelling of linear systems, transfer functions, system modes & stability, step responses of 1st & 2nd order systems.

[5-6] Feedback: Advantages of closed-loop control, sensitivity analysis, examples of feedback systems.

[7-8] Simple methods of feedback design: Steady-state error & integral action, proportional plus integral (PI) controllers, position control systems & derivative action.

[9-10] Frequency response methods: Steady-state sinusoidal response, polar & Bode plots, assessment of stability using Nyquist criterion.

**Communications 10 Hours
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[1-2] Sampling, Nyquist theorem, aliasing, quantisation and quantisation error. PCM as an illustration of analogue to digital conversion.

[3-4] Revisit time/frequency representation, introduction to Fourier Transform. Spectral representation of a signal. Signal power.

[5-6] White noise, spectral power density, noise factor, noise temperature.

[7] OSI Reference model; connection-oriented and connectionless protocols.

[8] IP (Internet Protocol): functions, architecture (routers, routing tables); addresses.

[9] TCP: 3 way handshake, data transfer and acknowledgements, TCP header format.

[10] Application layer introduction: Email and SMTP; DNS introduction.

**Electronics 10 Hours
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[1-3] Introduction. Transistors: BJT, MOSFET and JFET. DC models, biasing, DC analysis.

[4-5] Linearisation, AC models, coupling and decoupling. Amplifier macromodel. AC analysis: voltage gain, input and output impedances of common-emitter/source amplifiers. Effect of decoupled emitter/source resistance.

[6-7] Other configurations: common-base, common-drain, etc. Direct-coupled pairs, including emitter-coupled pair,
Darlington
pair, cascode.

[8] Further transistor models: Ebers-Moll, h-parameter. Introduction to computer simulation with SPICE.

[9] Tuned amplifiers, Q-factor, bandwidth, multi-stage amplifiers.

[10] Input circuit and imperfections: input bias and offset currents, input offset voltage. Current mirrors. Differential and common-mode gain. Common-mode rejection ratio.