**Semester 1
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**Part A Circuit Theory (SH)
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**DC circuits** – Current and voltage definitions, resistive elements, Kirchoff’s laws & Ohm’s law. Network reduction, analysis techniques, theorems and max. power transfer.

**[5 lectures]**

**AC circuits I** - Energy storage elements, capacitance & inductance, physical understanding. AC circuit elements. Energy storage. Alternating current, simple ac steady-state sinusoidal analysis.

**[5 lectures]**

**Part B Analogue Electronics (GTR)
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**Fundamentals
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Resistive networks (series & parallel), voltage & current sources, Thevenin & Norton equivalent circuits, current and voltage division, input resistance, output resistance, coupling capacitors and decoupling capacitors, current limiting and over voltage protection, analogue vs digital, noise.

**[4 lectures]
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**Components & active devices** – Components vs elements & circuit modelling. Introduction to sensors & acuators, self-generating vs modulating type sensors, simple circuit interfacing.

**[2 lectures]
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**Diodes and Diode circuits – **Diode characteristics and equations, ideal vs real. Signal conditioning, clamping and clipping, rectification and peak detection, Photodiodes, LEDs, zener diodes, voltage stabilisation, voltage reference, power supplies.

**[4 lectures]
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**Semester 2
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**Part A Circuit Theory (SH)
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**AC Circuits II **- Power dissipation & RMS, phasor diagrams. Introduction to complex number representation. Definition of complex impedance and use with complex numbers. AC circuit analysis with complex numbers: introduction to mesh and nodal analysis.

**[5 lectures]
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**RL, RC and RLC circuits** **- **Time response (natural & step responses). Frequency response RLC circuits, resonance & Q-factor. Use of differential equations and their solutions. Simple filter and band-pass circuits. Introduction to second order circuit. Use of Bode plots.

**[5 Lectures]
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**Part B Analogue Electronics (GTR)
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**Amplifier concepts** – Sources & loads, equivalent circuits, filtering & bandwidth, differential mode. Introduction to operational amplifiers, ideal vs real, simple amplifier configurations: Inverting and non inverting configurations, transimpedance amplifier, virtual earth and summing amplifiers, Schmidt trigger. Bode Plots of simple circuits.**
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**[5 lectures]
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**Transistors** –Introduction to transistors (FETs & Bipolars). FET principles & types, MOSFET characteristics and simple amplifier circuits. MOSFET small signal equivalent circuit and dc biasing.

**[3 lectures]
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**Amplifier Circuits** – Examples of ac and dc amplifiers based on op-amps, clamping and waveshaping, rectifiers, and oscillators.

**[2 lectures]**